Zambia Diaspora Policy

International migration has often been fuelled by economic, political and social factors generally classified as push and pull factors. The push factors of migration include poor economic living conditions, political instability and unemployment, among others. On the other hand, the pull factors have included higher salaries, better career prospects and skills development opportunities, higher standard of living, and educational support. It is important to note that these factors often work in tandem in generating migratory trends. In the case of Zambia, migration has mostly been motivated by socio-economic factors.

The widespread recognition of the Diaspora’s role in development has led to an increase in policies and programmes attempting to leverage the goodwill and resources of emigrants as many governments are beginning to realise that they could accomplish much more by establishing close links with their Diaspora. The Diaspora has a potential to make substantial contributions and the most recognised of these are the remittances they send to their countries of origin, as well as their role in the development of human capital.

According to the World Bank Migration and Development 2014 Brief, remittances flows to developing countries rose by 4.4 percent in 2014 to US$436 billion which is a significant rise compared to US$418 billion in 2013 out of the world total of US$583 billion. During the same period, Sub-Saharan Africa recorded a total of US$33 billion in 2014 from US$32 billion of remittances in 2013.

According to the World Bank Report of October 2015, remittance flows to developing countries rose to US$440 billion of which Sub- Saharan Africa is projected to receive US$33 billion, representing a growth percentage of 0.9 percent in 2015.